The Spatial Planning Act (German: Raumordnungsgesetz—ROG) sets the overarching directives and guiding principles of land use planning in the country. With sustainable urban development principles forming the basis of spatial planning, energy planning is further operationalized through provisions for energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy within each spatial framework at each planning level. Vector illustration - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock As mentioned earlier, poor safety and urban violence has a negative impact on the quality of life of urban dwellers. The concept of the compact city was proposed by Dantzig (1973). Through an interdisciplinary exercise, an alternative urban design is tested that considers the landscape as a key part of the design process. The nonstatutory plans specify priority zones and conditions for RES in order to balance RES expansion with competing interests for land-use resources within the region. Local building rules outline further structural and technical requirements for building projects in relation to permitting procedures, energy efficiency standards in buildings, and the permissible type, size, and siting of RES installations. While an appreciation of the multiple scales of political decision making which impact upon urban sustainability was recognized in the Brundtland Report itself, Bulkeley and Betsill’s intervention has introduced an important critical awareness of geographical scale into the sustainable city debate. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. The unban planning starts from the nature system and existing urban function : Create variety within the site that involves differing types and scales of public open spaces and parks. mechanisms to achieve environmental goals and the achievement of a balance with social and In September 2015, 193 member states and global civil society gathered at the United Nations headquarters in New York City to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The site is guided by the One Planet Living Framework, and key to meeting these criteria is the innovative approach to water management. century, is well placed to address these issues. Hong Kong's phenomenal expansion has resulted in major sustainability The New Urban Agenda is explicitly focused on the way cities and human settlements are planned, designed, financed, developed, governed, and managed. Cities should be healthy, providing housing and employment Initiatives on urban farming often integrate the cultivation dimension with the cultural one stimulating the rediscovery of foods and traditional techniques of food production and promoting healthy life stile and behaviors. The high density of stakeholder involvement (public, developer, utility, municipality), and the complementary framing of spatial planning guidelines by each level of government (local, regional, state, federal), in relation to energy efficiency, energy conservation, and renewable energy have all helped to reconcile building, area, and network design demands at different spatial scales. Examines and analyses the dynamics of cities in developing countries that have led to an increase in their tourism profile through a review of trends in urban tourism such as product development and tourist demand. A growing number of cities, however, are Asia has almost 45% of the world's population and six of the world's largest The first shopping malls in Romania were opening in the early 2000s, in Bucharest and Iași. The initiatives on urban commons often develop, as an indirect benefit, the improvement of community stewardship of public space recognized as common good. Best Place to Nurture Starting in Portland (Oregon) the Depave initiative was replicated in other US cities (e.g., Seattle, Tacoma). In general, the spatial planning rules stipulate where RES technologies can or cannot be placed in the city, suburb, or landscape. In the context of sociospatial capital adjustments, Chilean rivers, both their sources and their management, are highly “commodified.” This neoliberal privatization has gone hand-in-hand with the expansion and intensification of various industrial activities in the area (from mining to agro-export, monoculture forestry plantations, and energy exploitation). Shortly after the SDG’s were developed, the World Health Organization in 2016 released the Global Report on Urban Health, which attempted to set a global vision for creating healthier cities. The impact of growth on all areas of society must be acknowledged. resources. The technical and decision-making details of these initiatives are presented in this chapter. The approval procedure is complex, but does result in a consolidated planning process, because the procedure automatically includes almost all of the other necessary authorizations required (excluding decisions specific to the site and sectoral permissions in relation to water protection or forestry provisions). growth. showing symptoms of the global environment and development crisis, …." Stephen Cook, ... Qian Yu, in Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design, 2019. The MoC is a key player in influencing the form that cities in Vietnam are taking, in terms of providing guidelines and regulations related to building codes and master planning. The workshop argued that while addressing certain issues of urban sustainability at a citywide level had clear benefits, implementing a vision of sustainability at a metropolitan scale failed to recognize the multifarious spaces, communities, and cultures that constitute urban areas. According to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, health equity means that everyone has a fair and just opportunity to be healthier. Some special photovoltaic arrays do require a building permit from the state, depending on their siting, construction type, size, and environmental impact. Many of the key targets are important determinants of people’s health in urban areas. General Systems Demand Gross … The Depave project is a growing initiative that began in 2007 in order to transform desolate or underused paved surfaces (often not-used parking lots) into lively green spaces. China and the Asia-Pacific region developed. The nature of planning can be figured out from these four major aspects of planning: a. Increase the sports park,museum,civil plaza, connect to adjacent neighborhoods and strengthen the social foundation of the downtown. It is generally accepted that urbanisation involves the shift in population from rural to urban settlements. it also increase population pressure in urban areas resulting in pressure on the few social amenities in urban centres. Cropped image of waitress`s hand in white glove presenting modern city block on metal tray and pointing on it with blue cloudy skyscape on background. Urban Development At-A-Glance . What are the ways that efforts can not only be implementable, but scalable, replicable, and applicable to other similarly situated urban communities? Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. Most recently, the increased growth in urbanization across the globe has also grabbed the attention of major leaders who are focused on urban health. In New York City (in recent years also with the institutional support) several positive and successful initiatives were developed, for instance: Eagle Street Farm (2009) and Brooklyn Grange (2010), two rooftop farms on tertiary buildings; and Greenhouses Vinegar Factory and Forest House (pioneers since 1993) on the top of residential buildings. The second exploration path is related to the codesign regeneration and transformation process in urban contexts engaging a large range of population where the engagement is not only related to the design (problem setting and problem solution identification phases) but it also influences the implementation, realization, and management phases where communities and citizens groups directly act on the public spaces and public life improvement and revitalization. The Depave initiative gives several positive benefits locally on urban greening improvement (and urban biodiversity), on drainage management, on urban heat islands mitigation, and on the re-use of recycled materials (e.g., the removed pavements). challenge other large, vibrant cities. The capacity of community-led projects and interventions to drive more systemic change in urban complex systems is an interesting assumption presented in the book Handmade Urbanism (Rosa and Weiland, 2013)—strong partnerships create a “productive environment” where creativity and vitality spill over into surrounding urban public space, creating what the book's editors refer to as a “ripple effect.” Proposing the “Lighter, Quicker, Cheaper-style Approach,” the authors present several interventions in five cities (Mumbai, São Paulo, Istanbul, Mexico City, and Cape Town) acting in urban informal or critical settlement and where the process of regeneration is based on community engagement and large partnerships and the benefits overcame the specific initial goal or issue activating a more large urban systemic change that includes the local community stewardship for urban places and activate processes toward more sustainable condition and scenarios. Sustainable development has been defined as development that meets the To achieve this aim, the method of monographic and descriptive analysis was used for theoretical discussion, analysis, synthesis and deduction - for information gathering, logical systematization and classification. The development set ambitious objectives for sustainability performance relative to average Adelaide households and included the 78% reduction in mains water use. Spatial planning rules are essential tools to control territorial energy use in Germany. In Italy, for example, since 2012, the project Zappata Romana developed an online community map of green and open spaces existing in the municipality of Rome. A large range of initiatives refer to mitigation and adaptation issues in implementing actions, for instance, as depavement of parking lots, urban public spaces greening, shared (informal) mobility services or collective resources management, citizens awareness (on climate change issues and on more sustainable individual and community behaviors). Residential areas are the primary focus of urban development. Bold new innovative programs and initiatives are being started aimed at improving urban health and promoting healthy cities, but attention must also be paid to how all of these disparate efforts will be financially supported. problems are acknowledged and addressed. ), and urban biodiversity and contribute also indirectly in the reduction of food provisioning distances and transportation impacts that became “short” and local (community and local market of urban agriculture). 2 In recent decades, cities have become prominent actors in the promotion of ustainable s development policies. Perhaps the biggest effort to change the conversation around how cities and urban areas are developed, has been the New Urban Agenda, which was adopted at the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. A large range of urban community-led initiatives deal with food. Five key areas that were highlighted in the report included addressing health equity for sustainable development; promoting universal health coverage (UHC); reducing communicable and noncommunicable diseases; and tackling malnutrition. Arguably it is these factors that, based on the absence of any urban design attempting to balance urban development and river dynamics and a weak environmental legislation, are the main causes behind 21 flood events that occurred between 1960 and 2010 in conjunction with the catastrophic consequences in 1974, 2002, and 2006. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. As a result, a number of efforts are being promoted that focuses on efforts aimed at alleviating social exclusion, creating economic opportunity, and reducing inequality within urban areas. Therefore, the efforts to improve urban health equity focus on the determinants or factors that influence health such as the political and economic system and the physical and social environment. addition to social and economic processes must evolve to acknowledge the challenges of Given the complex local, regional, national, and global relations that constitute global warming, the ability of urban authorities to address climate change in a comprehensive way is obviously diminished. Spontaneous interventions, transition initiatives, and grassroots initiatives—all these initiatives are acting on public spaces and public life and the diffusion and growth of these processes for urban commons renovation and improvement highlights the urgency of urban design and urban planning “toolbox” renovation in order to recognize, valorize, and learn from these initiatives (Banerjee, 2001). Case study – Iași. 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