brain′-dam′aged (-dăm′ĭjd) adj. In these cases, treatment tends to focus on helping the surrounding brain issue heal over time. Finally, there is a list of some diseases and conditions related to the nervous system. The vocabulary of brain and spine disorders can be dense and unfamiliar. And like a supercomputer, one small glitch in how the neurons fire or how … Meningitis: A term in modern usage which is used for inflammation of the membranes on the surface of the brain, involving high fever, severe headache, and stiff muscles in the neck or back. It’s time to familiarize yourself with medical terminology for the nervous system. There are terms related to nervous system specialties and the definitions. If you need a background on how medical terms are formed, read the article on Medical Terminology Basics. It’s hard to believe the brain and spinal cord hold so much responsibility for the way your entire body functions. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections Synonym: brain fever and cerebrospinal fever. The term “brain surgery” refers to various medical procedures that involve repairing structural problems in the brain. 22 synonyms of brain from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 71 related words, definitions, and antonyms. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. brain damage: n. Injury to the brain that is caused by various conditions, such as head trauma, inadequate oxygen supply, infection, or intracranial hemorrhage, and that may be associated with a behavioral or functional abnormality. Start studying medical term brain. There is also a list of nervous system structures and procedures. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Here are some examples related to the Nervous System. This glossary is intended to explain basic neurosurgical terms, with links to more detail wherever possible. Brain: a very smart person. Find another word for brain. Patients, friends, and family members often find themselves thrust into this new language without warning, and soon learn that education is their first priority. There are numerous types of brain surgery. Cerebrovascular accident: Also known as a stoke or apoplexy, is the general term used to indicate that the blood supply to a portion of the brain has been suddenly shut off. The fluid flows throughout the brain and around the spinal cord, and functions to cushion for these organs from shock or injury. 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